What contraceptive options do I have?
There are several options available for female contraception. We offer counseling on the pill, patch, ring, injection and IUDs. We can help you decide which method is best for you.
What are the risks with contraceptive use?
- A number of studies suggest that current use of oral contraceptives (birth control pills) appears to slightly increase the risk of breast cancer, especially among younger women. However, the risk level goes back to normal 10 years or more after discontinuing oral contraceptive use.
- Women who use oral contraceptives have reduced risks of ovarian and endometrial cancer. This protective effect increases with the length of time oral contraceptives are used.
- Oral contraceptive use is associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer; however, this increased risk may be because sexually active women have a higher risk of becoming infected with human papillomavirus, which causes virtually all cervical cancers.
- Women who take oral contraceptives have an increased risk of benign liver tumors, but the relationship between oral contraceptive use and malignant liver tumors is less clear.
Can you explain how the different methods work?
Let’s evaluate your options one by one:
- Contraceptive Pill- also known as birth control pills (with combined estrogen and progesterone or only progesterone) can be taken either daily with a period that occurs monthly, or every three months or only once a year.
- Nuva Ring- is a vaginal ring that is placed in the vagina for three weeks and then removed for the last week in the month.
- Mirena or Paragard IUD- is a contraceptive device that is inserted by a gynecologist into the uterus and should be replaced every 5 years.
- Depo Provera- is a progesterone injection administered every three months.
- Ortho Evra Patch- is topical patch that is changed every week.